Southern cultural and birding tours 28 days

Culture and History make it a country rich in traditions and Peru has much to show to our customers not only in Culture and History but also in bird watching all this makes to Peru one of the great tourist destinations of the world

if you're a birdwatcher and loves Culture, this trip is for you because our target is to enjoy the architectural and cultural wonders combined with the enigmatic birdwatching activity and nature of Peru

Southern cultural and birding tours Itinerary

Day 1: Arrive in Lima international flight

Most of the our clients arrive in evening at Jorge Chavez international airport our staff will be waiting for you and will transfer to our hotel in the Miraflores district of Lima.

Day 2: City Tour

You will star with a relax breakfast you will have a free morning to enjoy the district and after lunch you will the opportunity to visit the beautiful cultural Lima town also knows as the City of Kings. You’ll see classic historical sights, colonial and Inca influenced architecture, residential neighborhoods, beautiful shrines and churches and incredible panoramic seascapes.

Day 3: Pucusana Puerto viejo Paracas

We start the day by heading south to Puerto Viejo and Pucusana; between these two sites we should see nearly all of our targets: Peruvian Thick-knee, Coastal Miner, Surf Cinclodes, Blackish Oysteratcher, Inca Tern, Humbolt Penguin, Red-legged Cormorant, and with a good luck we find Peruvian Martin difficult bird but impossible and a variety of more common species then we’ll continue on to Paracas

Day 4: Islas Ballestas (pelagic trip)

After breakfast we drive to Paracas Bay for a trip to the Ballestas Islands which will produce immense nesting colonies of Peruvian Boobys, Guanay cormorant, Red-legged Cormorants, Peruvian Pelicans, Sea-lions. also Inca Tern, Surf Cinclodes in this excursion gives us an opportunity offshore trips and depending on the time of year we can see some Albatross, Storm Petrels, Chilean Skua, In the afternoon we'll explore the Peninsular and see a variety of shorebirds, Chilean Flamingo, Elegant Tern and look for the endangered Peruvian Tern

Day 5: Nazca Lines (by plane)

After a breakfast we’ll drive to Nazca airport 3 - 4 hours about and we’ll take an airplane to flight over Nazca lines around 1 hour minutes during your flight you will enjoy a spectacular opportunity to see 12 of the most famous Nazca Lines, including the hummingbird, dog, hands, astronaut, tree, spider, whale, lizard, shark and more. After that we’ll continue to the southern toward Puerto Inca along the way we’ll do some birding stops.

Day 6: To Arequipa

In the morning we’ll have relax walking along the beach then we’ll drive to Arequipa this is long way along the coast and intermountain valley in afternoon we arrive to Arequipa we have some chance on the way for Cactus Canastero and Slender-Billed finch.

Day 7: Chihuata road

From Arequipa we’ll go toward Chiguata Village an excellent place for Thick-Billed Miner, White-throated Earthcreeper, Straight-billed Earthcreeper, and Black Metaltail. Higher on in the vegetation of Gynoxis and Polylepis we can find Tamarugo Conebill, but this bird is seasonally migrant only between June and October. In the same area we can encounter Black-hooded Sierra-Finch, d´Orbigny´s Chat-Tyrant and Thick-billed Siskin

Day 8: Colca Canyon

Leaving Arequipa early, we will stop at the national reserve "Salinas and Aguada Blanca". Here we find vicuñas, one of the two wild members of South America´s camels. From now on we will look for high altitude species our target is Diademed Sandpipiper-Plover also Mountain Caracara, Plain-Breasted Earthcreeper, Canastero´s, Yellow-Finches amongst others, we’ll pass by marshy area with good chance for Crested Duck, Puna Ibis, different Ground-Tyrants and Andean Negrito for instance.

In the afternoon we’ll explore around Cabanaconde

Day 9: Colca Canyon to Puno

Colca Canyon is famous by Cruz del Condor look out every day are coming hundred of people to see the spectacle of huge condors flying nearby, Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle. At the same spot we look for: Canyon Canastero. Andean Hillstar, Giant Hummingbird, Andean Swifts, Slender-billed Miner and more.

In late morning we go back toward the main road passing the same high pass of yesterday we will have a second chance for Diademed Sandpiper-Plover, a rare wader of the highlands.

Back on the paved road we continue in the direction of Juliaca-Puno, making two birding stops on the way. Our targets here are Giant Coot, Andean Avocet, Puna Plover and Flamingos are the most wanted species

Day 10: Uros island to Lampa

We are going to visit Titicaca Lake, this lake is the only place where we can encounter the Short-winged (or Flightless Titicaca) Grebe. Often we see it on the boat ride to the floating islands of the Uros Indians. Also an excursion to Sillustani is a possibility. We will spend the night in a hotel in the small village of Lampa. It´s worthwhile to spend the late afternoon (or the early next morning) already near Lampa hoping to see Darwin´s Nothura ( a small Tinamou).

Day 11: Polylepis forest to Cusco

We drive to Polylepis forest its just 40 minutes’ drive from Lampa our targets is Puna Canastero, Streak-Fronted Thornbird, Black siskin and if still necessary we’ll drive to Huancané for the Short-winged Grebe – Titicaca Grebe we follow the road to Cusco. This is a very interesting scenery drive through high altitude country along the route we’ll see Andean Ibis, Puna Ibis, mountain Caracara, lot of Great, snowy, and cattle Egrets

Day 12: Cusco southern Valley (Piquillaqta Andahuaylillas)

Today we’ll go drive back to southern of Cusco we have a nice stop at Lake Huacarpay.in this place we look for the endemic Bearded Mountaineer and Rusty-Fronted Canastero also some shore birds Plumbeous Rail, Many-coloured Rush-Tyrant, Puna and Yellow-billed Teal, the biggest hummingbird in the world Giant Humminbird and a lots of waterfowl and much more, in the late morning we’ll visit Piquillaqta Pre-Inca Ruins and Church of San Pedro of Andahuaylillas, While the exterior of the church looks rather humble, it is the interior, that makes this one of the most valuable jewels of the colonial art in Peru, sometimes called the “Capilla Sixtina” or "Sistine Chapel" of America.

Day 13: Sacred Valley

Full day tour of the Sacred Valley of the Incas including Qenko, Pisac traditional market, We can look here for variety of Ground-Tyrants & Sierra Finches are always present. Other possibilities include Variable Hawk, Black-chested Buzzard Eagle, Cream-winged Cinclodes, Peruvian Sierra -Finch, Streak-throated Canastero, Rusty-fronted Canastero and many more Andean passerines. Late in the afternoon we arrive to Ollantaytambo village and Inca ruins,

Day 14: Abra Malaga Humid Forest

We drive a hour and a half's drive we'll have all day to work the humid temperate forest. Starting at a large patch of Chusquea bamboo we look for Marcapata Spinetail, Unstreaked Tit-tyrant, Inca Wren, Parodi's Hemispingus, Cuzco Brush Finch and Puna Thistletail (all of them Peruvian endemic species). Other possibilities throughout the day include: Black-eared Hemispingus Black-capped Hemispingus, Drab Hemispingus, Golden-collared Tanager, Scarlet-Bellied Mountain-Tanager and other Tanagers, White-throated and White-banded Tyrannulets, Andean Ibis, Sierran Elaenia, Diademed and Trilling Tapaculo a lot more. Rufous antpitta, Undulated Antpitta's are here too. In the afternoon We'll return to Ollantaytambo and we’ll visit the Ollantaytambo arqueological site

Day 15: Abra Malaga Polylepis Forest

We'll walk up the Polylepis woodland at Abra Malaga. We'll spend the whole morning to explore this unique habitat. Here our main target is Royal Cinclodes, White-browed Tit-spinetail, Tawny Tit-Spinetail, Junin Canastero, Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant, Giant Conebill, All these species are restricted to high polylepis forest also we’ll see Line-fronted Canastero, Stripe-headed Antpitta, Andean Tapaculo, Tit-like Dacnis, Blue-mantled Thornbill, Andean Condor, Thick-billed Siskin, and more. On the lower down valley floor we'll check a variety of Ground-tyrants and Sierra-Finchs.

When we’ll get the Main road we have lunch then we look for another west site Peruvian endemic species Creamy-crested Spinetail, Rusty-fronted Canastero, White-tufted Sunbean, Green and white Humminbird and Chestnut-breasted Mountain-finch (all of those Peruvian endemics).

Day 16: To Machupicchu

After breakfast we take the train to Machupicchu from the train we will certainly see Torrent Ducks and White-capped Dipper on the Urubamba River. You will arrive after 2 hours aprox. The staff we’ll be waiting for you to transfer to our hotel you have a free afternoon to explore by yourselves the small town, or birding the railway track along the Urubamba River. In the remnant cloud forest we will be looking specifically for Masked Fruiteater (endemic), Sclater's and Bolivian Tyrannulets, Silver-backed Tanager, Pale-eyed Thrush, Black-streaked Puffbird, Oleaginous Hemispingus and Capped Conebill. Mixed flocks

Day 17: Machupicchu to Cusco

Early in the Morning we’ll take the first bus to the arqueological site before to get crowdy, we are taken on a guided tour of this mystical archeological complex 2 - 3 hours about, then you will have time to take pictures and exploring by yourselves we’ll have a buffet lunch at the entrances of Machupicchu then we’ll go back to catch the train to go back to Cusco late in the afternoon

Day 18: Upper Manu road - Wayqecha

We'll drive through the dry Andes towards Manu, hoping to find three endemics en route: Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch, Bearded Mountaineer, and Creamy-crested Spinetail.

We’ll stop at Paucartambo Colonial village In the afternoon we'll have our first crack at the humid forest, hoping for treeline specialties like Golden-collared Tanager, Moustached Flowerpiercer, Gray-Breasted Mountain-Tucan and - with lots of luck - the rare Scribble-tailed Canastero

Day 19: Middle Manu Road

After a morning around Wayqecha, looking for more high-elevation species like Grey-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Red-and-white Antpitta, Puna Thistletail, Marcapata Spinetail, Rufous-capped Thornbill, and many others, we'll work our way down the Manu Road, birding the most productive areas. Possibilities are nearly endless, from relatively common specialties like Blue-banded Toucanet and Handsome Flycatcher to mega-rarities like Greater Scythebill and Andean Potoo. We should encounter some good flocks that could include a variety of tanagers as well as Versicoloured Barbet, Striped Treehunter, Inca Flycatcher, and even Band-tailed Fruiteater if we're lucky. In the not-so-rare but difficult category are Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant, Unadorned Flycatcher, and White-throated Antpitta... sound like enough to keep us busy for the day?

Day 20: Day 20 – 21 Cloud Forest - Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge

We'll have two full days around Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge - this is tanager paradise! Depending what birds we need, we'll visit elevations from 1200 m. up to 2000 m.. We can expect at least a couple great mixed flocks during our stay which could include Golden-eared, Golden-naped, and Black-goggled Tanagers, Yellow-rumped and Yellow-breasted Antwrens, Ash-browed Spinetail, and many, many more. Away from flocks we'll search for Crested Quetzal, White-eared Solitaire, Amazonian Umbrellabird, and Solitary and Black-and-chestnut Eagles. The lodge gardens are visited by Many-spotted Hummingbird, Violet-fronted Brilliant, and others, sometimes including Wire-crested Thorntail... and of course Andean Cock-of-the-Rocks are frequently seen in the area - if all else fails, we can visit a lek! Night birding is usually slow, but we should see Lyre-tailed Nightjar, and Rufescent Screech-Owl is also a possibility.

Day 21: Day 20 – 21 Cloud Forest - Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge

Day 22: Lower Manu Road - Amazonia Lodge

Today we'll spend the morning on the lower part of the Manu Road where we'll try for some very difficult endemics: Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher, Cerulean-capped Manakin, Peruvian Piedtail, and even an beautiful but undescribed species of tanager are possible - feeling lucky? There are lots of others to hope for too, including Lanceolated Monklet, Two-banded Warbler, Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Stripe-chested Antwren, and Cabanis's Spinetail. Around mid-day we'll have a quick look for some open country birds (there isn't much appropriate habitat on this tour!) before taking a short boat ride to Amazonia Lodge. There we'll concentrate on the wonderful garden, where we could find Rufous-crested Coquette, Gould's Jewelfront, and Sapphire-spangled Emerald among a variety of other hummingbirds. A short afternoon walk will get us our first Hoatzin for the trip. In the evening, we have a good chance of seeing Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl, but the local Black-banded Owl - though we usually hear it - is much more difficult!

Day 23: To Pantiacolla

We'll spend most of the day at Amazonia Lodge, first heading into the hill forest for the most difficult forest birding of the trip. Rewards are there to be found though; flocks typically include Half-collared Gnatwren, Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant, Carmiol's Tanager, and Rufous-tailed Antwren; with lots of luck we may also find Foothill Antwren or even Sapphire Quail-Dove or Grey Tinamou - now it's really getting tough! We'll also visit a White-browed Hermit lek, while other possibilities include Black and Spot-backed Antbirds, Ringed Antpipit, and Round-tailed Manakin. After a mid-day break around the lodge (check for soaring raptors and swifts!), we'll try the floodplain forest for Slender-billed Xenops, Fine-barred Piculet, and Amazonian Antpitta. Late in the day we'll catch a boat down the river to Pantiacolla Lodge, looking for Fasciated Tiger-Heron en route.

Day 24: 24- 25 Pantiacolla Lodge

Pantiacolla Lodge has some of the best bamboo birding in the area; this will be the main focus of these two days, though we will explore other habitats too. Some of our bamboo targets are the wonderful White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher, Manu, Striated, Goeldi's, and White-lined Antbirds, Ihering's Antwren, Bamboo Antshrike, Large-headed and Dusky-tailed Flatbills, Rufous-capped Nunlet, and Brown-rumped and Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaners. If we're very lucky, we may also get Rufous-headed Woodpecker and Peruvian Recurvebill, but these are usually difficult. Outside the bamboo we can expect good activity too; we may add Rusty-belted Tapaculo, Red-necked Woodpecker, and Striolated Puffbird to our list. And of course this is an amazing place for antbirds - we should build up a good list over our two days. Pantiacolla usually produces some really great rarity too, but it's dangerous to predict what it will be - on past tours we've sometimes found Long-tailed Potoo, Striated Antthrush, Banded Antbird, or Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher. Who knows what we might turn up!

Day 25: 24- 25 Pantiacolla Lodge

Day 26: To Cloud Forest

Leaving Pantiacolla early, we'll visit a small parrot clay lick where Blue-headed Macaws are regular; we will also pick up some river-edge species that we won't see elsewhere during the tour. We'll then spend the day travelling up the river and road to Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge, making stops for Pale-eyed Blackbird and other species we may be missing.

Day 27: Back to Cusco

Today we'll make the 7 hour drive back to Cusco, birding in a few select spots depending what species we're still missing in the previous days

Day 28: To Lima International Flight

After breakfast you will have a transfer to Cusco Airport